TRABAJOS PRESENTADOS POR EL DR. ALBERTO CORMILLOT Y COLABORADORES EN CONGRESOS INTERNACIONALES

 

EATING DISORDERS IN OBESE WOMEN BEFORE LOOSING WEIGHT AND ON MAINTENANCE

 

R. Zukefeld, E. Barinaga, L. Girard, A. Cormillot. Centro de Investigación sobre Nutrición y Obesidad (CINO). Buenos Aires, Argentina

The 6th International Congress on Obesity

The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of eating disorders in obese patients and its progress under outpatient group treatment with two models: a) self-helpgroup, b) professional group.

102 obese women from Buenos Aires and Montevideo distributed in 2 groups were considered: I) n=49, 37.1 + 11 yr, first month of treatment, 22.6+9% Ow., BMI 30.5+4.

II) n=53, 39.2+8yr, body weight maintenance for over one year; 2.9%Ow., BMI 23.2+2.9.

The Eating Disorders Inventory (Garner, 1983) was used.

Group I: All scores were higher than those for the general population except for Perfectionism. Drive to Thinness (DT), Body Dissatisfaction (BD) and Maturity Fear (MF) scores were similar to Bulimia Nervosa. 25% had scores > 10 in Bulimia.

Subgroup (b) had higher scores than subgroup (a), especially on interpersonal Distrust (ID).

Group II: All scores were significantly lower than Group I, similar to the general population except for DT and MF which remained high. Only 1% of Group II had score >10 in Bulimia.

Subgroup (a) presented higher scores than subgroup (b), particularly in DT, Bul. and Inefficacy.

Eating Disorders are present in obese women, especially in those seeking professional help who seem to have greater bulimic tendency, more dissatisfaction with their body and greater difficulty to trust in other people. These characteristics improve with self-help or professional systems, with greater improvement under the latter.