R. Zukefeld, E. Barinaga, L. Girard,
A. Cormillot. Centro de Investigación
sobre Nutrición y Obesidad
(CINO). Buenos Aires, Argentina
The 6th International Congress on
The purpose of this study was to
determine the presence of eating disorders
in obese patients and its progress
under outpatient group treatment with
two models: a) self-helpgroup, b)
102 obese women from Buenos Aires
and Montevideo distributed in 2 groups
were considered: I) n=49, 37.1 + 11
yr, first month of treatment, 22.6+9%
Ow., BMI 30.5+4.
II) n=53, 39.2+8yr, body weight maintenance
for over one year; 2.9%Ow., BMI 23.2+2.9.
The Eating Disorders Inventory (Garner,
1983) was used.
I: All scores were higher than
those for the general population except
for Perfectionism. Drive to Thinness
(DT), Body Dissatisfaction (BD) and
Maturity Fear (MF) scores were similar
to Bulimia Nervosa. 25% had scores
> 10 in Bulimia.
Subgroup (b) had higher scores than
subgroup (a), especially on interpersonal
II: All scores were significantly
lower than Group I, similar to the
general population except for DT and
MF which remained high. Only 1% of
Group II had score >10 in Bulimia.
Subgroup (a) presented higher scores
than subgroup (b), particularly in
DT, Bul. and Inefficacy.
Eating Disorders are present in obese
women, especially in those seeking
professional help who seem to have
greater bulimic tendency, more dissatisfaction
with their body and greater difficulty
to trust in other people. These characteristics
improve with self-help or professional
systems, with greater improvement
under the latter.